Equine First Aid Basics For Every Horse Owners: Taking General Health Care Of Your Horse 2021

Every horse owner should know a few facts about first aid and the general health of a horse; the care that can be managed by the owner and when to call the veterinarian. There are many instances when a minor in­jury can be taken care of by the owner, but for the more serious ailments and accidents there are several aids that can be given before the veterinarian arrives. Too many times the wrong treatment is given, resulting in ugly scars, or a horse is moved when he should be kept still, or allowed to lie down when he should be kept moving.

Probably the commonest of everyday problems is con­cerned with cleanliness. A dirty, constantly wet stall will invite a fungus called thrush. It is characterized by a foul odor and decomposition of the tissue about the frog of the foot. A few drops of butter of antimony in the crevices will usually relieve a light case, and a good cleaning of the stable area will prevent further trouble.

Rope burns are too commonly caused by improper tying of your horse. If severe, you may have to lay your horse up until the burn is healed. Cleanse the wound and apply gentian violet and a healing powder. Do not grease, and, above all, keep the flies away.

Diarrhea is a condition with many causes. Sometimes it is caused by a change of feed. If caused by worms, they must be expelled, and your veterinarian will prescribe. Some­times an overheated animal that has been allowed to drink water will develop diarrhea. It is usually not a permanent condition, but the actual cause should be determined.

Idleness and fat are the worst enemies of your horse. Allow him at least an hour and a half to eat his food. Don’t exercise him too heavily after a meal, or it may cause colic.

Colic: It is important to recognize the symptoms. Colic can also be caused by sudden changes of feed, irregular feeding, or damaged feed. Sometimes new oats or new hay causes trouble, or colic appears if a horse is fed too soon after being tired and hot. In spasmodic colic the pain comes and goes. The horse may throw himself to the ground and roll and kick. The animal must be kept moving and on his feet. Walk the horse until the veterinarian comes.

Fractures: Many animals are destroyed because of a broken bone that has not been discovered until too late. A horse has many small bones that, when broken, only cause the animal to go lame. When no reason for lameness can be discovered, then the horse should not be moved until the veterinarian has made a thorough examination. Given proper care, minor fractures can be treated, either by splint­ing or casts, thus giving the horseback its usefulness. Frac­tures of a more severe nature can be set if discovered before the horse threshes around. If the animal cannot be confined, there is a danger of splintering and crushing the broken ends to the point of being beyond setting.

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